Earlier this month, colleagues from around the country scoured toy aisles across the country for kids’ products containing fragrance or ingredients made with the chemical styrene (see table below). Now, the 51 products they purchased are at an independent, certified laboratory to be tested for volatile organic compounds (VOC’s). We’ve also sent more than 14 face paint kits to another lab, where 48 of the different shades and colors will be tested for heavy metals such as lead, cadmium and mercury.
This is part of a label-reading and product testing investigation that is a sequel to our 2009 Pretty Scary report on heavy metals in kids’ facepaints.
VOC’s include chemicals like styrene, toluene, benzene, and formaldehyde that off-gas into the air. These vapors and gases are part of what make everything from perfume to paint to gasoline emit a scent. Many consumers seek VOC-free paint, but VOC’s are everywhere. Some VOC’s are naturally occurring—they are in plant oils and leaves, giving forests and flowers unique smells.
Some VOC’s have health concerns—benzene, for instance, is a known carcinogen, and toluene is a reproductive toxicant.
Heavy metals like lead, arsenic, mercury, cadmium and chromium are found in a wide variety of personal care products including lipstick, whitening toothpaste, eyeliner and nail color. Some metals are intentionally added as ingredients, while others are contaminants of other ingredients. Exposure to metals has been linked to health concerns including altered brain development, learning difficulties, reproductive, immune and nervous system toxicity.
Both labs will use validated methods to test for trace amounts of metals or VOC’s. In many cases, they will have to dilute the samples to run them through the laboratory machinery; otherwise, various sudsing agents, oils, and solids can gum up the machines. We expect both labs will be able to find trace amounts of metals or VOC’s in the parts per million range.
We anxiously await the results from both labs. Once we know what’s hiding in these products, we’ll be able to help consumers with tips on how to avoid them, since even trace amounts of many of these chemicals have been linked to adverse health impacts
|Alaska Community Action on Toxics||AK||Target|
|Clean Water Action||CT||Claire’s|
|Clean Water Action||MA and RI||Justice|
|Fig and Flower||GA||Target|
|Individual purchaser||TN||Toys R Us|
|Learning Disabilities Association in support of the Campaign for Healthier Solutions||ME and IL||Dollar Store|
|MN Healthy Legacy||MN||Toys R Us|
|My Sisters’ Natural||NC||Justice|
|Soul Candy Skincare||KY||Toys R Us|